Orthopaedics is a branch of medicine regarding the disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. an orthopedical doctor uses each non-surgical and surgical ways for the treatment of chronic diseases, spine diseases, inborn disorders, tumours, infections and sports injuries.
The term ‘’orthopaedics’’ was coined by Nicolas Andry and comes from Greek words, ‘’orthos’’ that means straight. The idea was at first developed with reference to kids and step by step orthopaedic follow became the study of correction of bony deformities and spinal deformities altogether stages of the human life.
An orthopaedic surgeon plays a special role in treating deformities and mistakes in bones or joints, ligaments or nerves and tendons or gristle. The sub-speciality of orthopaedic surgery includes ankle joint and foot surgery, hand surgery, pediatric orthopedics, surgical sports medicine, orthopaedic trauma, elbow and shoulder surgery, total joint reconstruction, total knee replacement and spine surgery.
Visiting an orthopaedic clinic becomes necessary if a personal suffers from any type spinal and bone issues. The surgeons are adequately-skilled and well-versed with the diagnosing and treatment of degenerative disease, tumours and infections, repair of limb neck fracture, spinal fusion, ankle joint fracture and limb shaft fracture
Nearly every kind of advanced and critical surgical procedures are performed by the most effective orthopaedic surgeons, which incorporates ankle arthrodesis, anterior symmetrical ligament reconstruction, decompression posterior, decompression anterior, disc replacement, hip resurfacing surgery, prosthesis, total hip replacement, total knee replacement, shoulder arthroscopy and knee arthoscopy.
The major drawback with joint replacement is wear and tear of the surface of the prosthetic parts. this can be a typical problem with aging and using alternative bearing surface is that the key solution here. However, advances in medical technology have currently raised the lifetime of prosthetics drastically, with every element lasting for over twenty years.